Human Tooth Culture: A Study Model for Reparative Dentinogenesis and Direct Pulp Capping Materials Biocompatibility

Scope of the method

The Method relates to
  • Human health
The Method is situated in
  • Basic Research
  • Translational - Applied Research
Type of method
  • In vitro - Ex vivo
This method makes use of
  • Human derived cells / tissues / organs
Specify the type of cells/tissues/organs
Human teeth

Description

Method keywords
  • Tooth Model
  • Ex-vivo Tooth Model
  • Human ex-vivo Tooth Model
  • Tooth Culture Model
Scientific area keywords
  • Pulp Biology
  • Tooth regeneration
  • Dental Mineralization
  • Dental Repair
  • Tooth Repair
  • Reparative Dentinogenesis
Method description
  • The objective of this ex-vivo model is to study the initial pulp-tissue reaction of the human pulp tissue to different pulp-capping materials.
  • Methodology: Freshly-extracted (mainly due to orthodontic reasons) healthy human teeth (impacted third molars) from young individuals (15-20 years old) are immediately collected, placed in 15-ml falcon tubes containing 5 ml of DMEM supplemented with 10% FBS, 1% penicilin/streptomycin and 1% fungizone and brought to the cell-culture laminar flow cabinet (within 4 hours). The teeth are cleaned with sterile tweezers and sterile blades and disinfected with 70% ethanol and sterile PBS. A class-I cavity (approx. 4x4x4 mm) is cut using a sterile bur at high speed under copious irrigation with sterile saline. The pulp tissue is exposed with a round carbide bur at low speed with abundant irrigation. Afterwards, the cavity is cleaned with sterile saline, gently dried with sterile cotton pellets and the selected materials are applied into the cavity. The cavity is further restored with glass-ionomer cement and a flowable composite is applied on the occlusal surface, in which a sterilized stainless steel orthodontic wire is seated, followed by 40-sec light-curing of the flowable composite using a light-curing unit with a light output of 1200 mW/cm2. The teeth is immediately hanged using the wire in separate wells of 24-well culture plates, each containing 1.5 ml of tooth-culture medium to ensure generous exposure of the pulp tissue to the medium. The medium is refreshed every day and the teeth are kept inside an incubator at 37°C / 5% CO2 / 95% humidity for 4 weeks. Afterwards, the wire is removed and the teeth are immediately placed in 4% paraformaldehyde for two weeks to properly fix the tissue.
Lab equipment
  • Biosafety cabinet flow hood ;
  • Incubator with 5% CO2 and 95% humidity ;
  • Dental equipment: portable motor unit with high-speed and low-speed hand pieces and dental burs and sterile irrigation ;
  • Equipment for histology: Microtome, blades, glass slides, staining equipment and light microscope.
Method status
  • History of use
  • Internally validated
  • Published in peer reviewed journal

Pros, cons & Future potential

Advantages
  • Little ethical concerns (the teeth are extracted for other reasons) ;
  • If done in a dental hospital, relatively high availability of human teeth ;
  • Relatively cheap and easy to do (except for the histological procedure) ;
  • It serves as a 3D in-vitro cell-culture model.
Challenges
  • If there is no dental clinic or hospital nearby the lab, it is challenging to find enough teeth ;
  • The histological processing of teeth is relatively difficult to perform ;
  • Some expertise is needed before obtaining high-quality images.
Modifications

The method can be further optimized if a kind of blood-pomp is attached to the model (instead of blood, using cell-culture medium to feed the cells).

References, associated documents and other information

References

Téclès, O., P. Laurent, S. Zygouritsas, A. S. Burger, J. Camps, J. Dejou, and I. About. "Activation of Human Dental Pulp Progenitor/Stem Cells in Response to Odontoblast Injury." Arch Oral Biol 50, no. 2 (2005): 103-8.

Tecles, O., P. Laurent, V. Aubut, and I. About. "Human Tooth Culture: A Study Model for Reparative Dentinogenesis and Direct Pulp Capping Materials Biocompatibility." J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 85, no. 1 (2008): 180-7.

Laurent, P., J. Camps, M. De Meo, J. Dejou, and I. About. "Induction of Specific Cell Responses to a Ca(3)Sio(5)-Based Posterior Restorative Material." Dent Mater 24, no. 11 (2008): 1486-94.

Laurent, P., J. Camps, and I. About. "Biodentine(Tm) Induces Tgf-Beta1 Release from Human Pulp Cells and Early Dental Pulp Mineralization." Int Endod J 45, no. 5 (2012): 439-48.

Li, X., M. S. Pedano, B. Camargo, E. Hauben, S. De Vleeschauwer, Z. Chen, J. De Munck, K. Vandamme, K. Van Landuyt, and B. Van Meerbeek. "Experimental Tricalcium Silicate Cement Induces Reparative Dentinogenesis." Dent Mater 34, no. 9 (2018): 1410-23.

Pedano, M. S., X. Li, C. Jeanneau, M. Ghosh, K. Yoshihara, K. Van Landuyt, I. About, and B. Van Meerbeek. "Survival of Human Dental Pulp Cells after 4-Week Culture in Human Tooth Model." J Dent 86 (2019): 33-40.

Pedano, M. S., X. Li, B. Camargo, E. Hauben, S. De Vleeschauwer, K. Yoshihara, K. Van Landuyt, Y. Yoshida, and B. Van Meerbeek. "Injectable Phosphopullulan-Functionalized Calcium-Silicate Cement for Pulp-Tissue Engineering: An in-Vivo and Ex-Vivo Study." Dent Mater (2020).

Associated documents
Pedano MS, Li X et al. Dent Mater 2020.pdf
Survival of human dental pulp cells...J of Dent 2019..pdf
Biodentine induces TGF-B1 release. Laurent P, About I, et al. IEJ 2012.pdf
Human tooth culture and biocompatib pulp capping. About I, Tecles O et al.Journal of Biomed Materials Res part B 2007_.pdf
Other remarks

This Human Tooth Culture model was developed and firstly published by the group of Prof. Imad About (Aix-Marseille University) :

  • Téclès, O., P. Laurent, S. Zygouritsas, A. S. Burger, J. Camps, J. Dejou, and I. About. "Activation of Human Dental Pulp Progenitor/Stem Cells in Response to Odontoblast Injury." Arch Oral Biol 50, no. 2 (2005): 103-8.

Contact person

Mariano Pedano

Organisations

KU Leuven
Oral Health Sciences
BIOMAT
Belgium
Flemish Region

Partners

Aix-Marseille University